How Are Diamonds Mined & Processed?

From Chaos, Comes Beauty…

Have you ever wondered where diamonds come from or how they are even made? In today’s modern society, the creation of diamonds are being manufactured in scientific laboratories, with methods in which are parallel to the methodologies of how “Mother Nature” produces the precious rocks. But let’s suppose that technology didn’t exist and the natural process of diamonds forming was the only way we obtain diamonds

Before a diamond is formed, it actually starts with a single element known as carbon. This is what is believed by the scientists currently, although there are a few other researchers that proposes and suggest otherwise.

Long time ago, around the same time when the Earth was still under formation from the “big-bang”, carbon was trapped underground, over 700,000 miles beneath Earth’s surface. Scientists believe that there are extremely high temperatures below ground, anything that is near the Earth’s core can reach over 1652°, which is the standard temperature that is believed by scientists. At 700,000 miles below Earth’s surface, pressure is extraordinary high, and anything in the mental regions of the earth’s layer will experience high pressures and extreme temperatures. With these two hypothesis, it is concluded that diamonds are formed from carbon being underground, at high pressure and temperature for a very long period of time. During this “long-period of time”, the carbon is goes under a chaotic phase, until the carbon is slowly morphed into a precious stone, known as diamond! From Chaos, comes beauty”…

When this phase is surpassed, they are then mined (dug from underground miles beneath) which commonly are known as uncut rocks. Below is a picture of what an uncut diamond looks like;

(Accredited Image by: DDCA)                                  (Accredited Image by: Beyond4CS)

When the diamond is mined, they are further evaluated. The evaluation process consists of color, clarity, the possible cuts and carat. The evaluation process is compared to a master diamond.

If the mined diamond proves to be valuable, they are finely tuned, meaning that they will go under production to become a jewelry piece. This is where the craftsmanship of diamonds comes in play, using some of the most advanced technologies to “cut” the diamond. Normally the method to cut a diamond is through high precision laser technology. Once the diamond has been finely tuned, it is again compared with the master diamond. Below is a diagram that represents how a diamonds value is determined;

(Image Accredited by: NCJewelryAppraiser)

Once the diamond’s value has been determined, it is associated into a golden or platinum ring, or other specific designs. The element of additional material like gold or platinum adds additional value to the final product.


You may have come across diamonds that are in different colors. For example, Le Vian is known for coining the terminology Chocolate Diamond, which is nothing but a standard coloration of a diamond which is recognized as brown diamond. But the questions is what causes the coloration of a diamond? Usually it is due to impurities that have been mixed in the process of the diamond when it was originally forming. Some scientists believe that nutrients in the soil, temperatures, quality of the raw carbon and other materials are the reasons why coloration takes place. Another factor may be that coloration is dependent on the regions of such diamond originating from.